The inflammatory process occurs in the pterygopalatine node, therefore, neuralgic symptoms of inflammation of the second branch of the trigeminal nerve (near the bridge of the nose and upper jaw) are observed. There is pain in the ear, seizures and pain spreading to the occipital region, cervicofacial zone. On the affected part of the body, paresis or neuritis of the facial nerve with facial expression disorders can be observed.
Diagnosis of ganglioneuritis is a complex process, since the symptoms of the clinical picture are similar to a number of other diseases (otitis media, coronary heart disease, oncological formations, spinal formations, circulatory disorders, various types of neurosis, etc.). The difficulty also lies in determining the variation of ganglioneuritis, since the symptoms of its various types are very similar. Late or incorrect diagnosis cansignificantly worsen the patient's condition, slow down the treatment process and, accordingly, lead to disappointing prognosis.
If at least some of the above symptoms appear, you should seek the advice of a neurologist. The initial diagnosis of ganglioneuritis usually occurs on the basis of an analysis of the clinical picture from the words of the patient and examination of the patient, identifying signs of vasomotor and neurotrophic disorders, and sensitivity disorders.
Thoracic and sacral ganglioneuritis is especially difficult to differentiate, and for the accuracy of the diagnosis, the patient undergoes a long examination for the presence of somatic diseases. For this, consultations of a gynecologist, cardiologist, gastroenterologist, and phthisiatrician are prescribed. In order to exclude a number of diseases, X-ray of the spine, electromyography, MRI and CT can be prescribed.
The inflammatory process often causes changes in the somatic organs, so the patient undergoes MSCT or ultrasound of the abdominal organs, genitals, prostate in order to identify these pathologies. In the treatment of ganglionitis, anti-allergic drugs are prescribed, a course of antibiotic treatment is attributed (if the etiology of ganglioneuritis is of a bacterial nature).
In some cases, with severe pain and the ineffectiveness of analgesics, novocaine is administered intravenously or paravertebral blockades with novocaine are performed in the affected area or sympathectomy is performed (surgical removal of the affected ganglion, which is used if none of the methods of pain relief is ineffective).
With a viral etiology of the disease, antiviral drugs and gamma globulin are prescribed. With the defeat of the sympathetic system, cholinomimetic drugs, gluconate and calcium chloride can be prescribed.
For the treatment of this disease, physiotherapy is widely used, which sets itself the task of stopping the pain syndrome and the inflammatory process, and correcting disorders of the autonomic system. Removal of the pain syndrome occurs with the help of biaxin electroanalgesia, drug electrophoresis of anesthetics. The relief of intoxication is carried out by low-intensity UHF therapy.
Antiviral methods consist in the passage of the patient's UV radiation, etc. To restore the peripheral functions of the body, darsonvalization procedures, mustard and turpentine baths are attributed. Emerging allergic reactions are eliminated with the help of anti-allergic procedures - local aerosol therapy with the use of antihistamines, nitrogen baths.
Prevention of ganglioneuritis consists in the timely treatment of various inflammatory processes in the body, viral and infectious diseases. Sports are very important. Proper nutrition, long walks in the fresh air, quitting smoking and alcohol are the best guarantors of clarithromycin.
With proper diagnosis and adequate treatment, the prognosis is favorable for life. Ganglioneuritis is an inflammatory lesion of the nerve node (ganglion) with the involvement of the nerve trunks associated with it in the inflammatory process. The clinical picture of ganglioneuritis consists of a pronounced pain syndrome, sensitivity disorders, vasomotor, neurotrophic and vegetative-visceral disorders.
It has its own characteristics depending on the localization of ganglioneuritis. Ganglioneuritis is diagnosed mainly on the basis of characteristic clinical changes. Additional examination methods (radiography, MRI, CT, MSCT, ultrasound) are used for the purpose of differential diagnosis of ganglioneuritis. Ganglioneuritis is treated mainly in conservative ways. With their ineffectiveness and severe pain syndrome, surgical removal of the affected ganglion (sympathectomy) is indicated.
Causes of ganglioneuritis Symptoms of ganglioneuritis Cervical ganglioneuritis Thoracic, lumbar and sacral ganglioneuritis Other forms Diagnosis Treatment of ganglioneuritis Prices for treatment.
An isolated inflammatory lesion of one sympathetic node in neurology is called ganglionitis. If the pathological process affects the peripheral nerves adjacent to the sympathetic ganglion, then such a disease is called ganglioneuritis.
With a combined lesion of the sympathetic nodes and spinal nerves, the disease is verified as ganglioradiculitis. In addition, polyganglionitis (truncite) is isolated - inflammation of several sympathetic ganglia at once. They also talk about ganglioneuritis in relation to inflammation of the nerve nodes, which include nerve fibers of various types.
sympathetic, parasympathetic, sensitive. Of these, ganglioneuritis of the geniculate ganglion and ganglionitis of the pterygopalatine ganglion are most common. As a rule, ganglioneuritis develops as a result of an infectious process. The reason for its occurrence may be.
acute infections (measles, diphtheria, influenza, erysipelas, dysentery, tonsillitis, scarlet fever,epsis) chronic infectious diseases (rheumatism, syphilis, tuberculosis, brucellosis). chronic inflammatory diseases. for example, the cause of ganglioneuritis of the pterygopalatine ganglion may be complicated dental caries, and the cause of sacral ganglionitis may be adnexitis, salpingitis, oophoritis, in men, prostatitis. in more rare cases, ganglioneuritis is toxic in nature or due to a tumor (ganglioneuroma or secondary metastatic process).